Mesothelioma is a rare but aggressive form of cancer found on the lining of the lungs, heart, and abdomen. Unlike other types of cancer, malignant mesothelioma has only one known cause – asbestos exposure.
Although this material is no longer permitted in new buildings, many people still come in contact with it through their work.
Here, we’re going to take a closer look at the most vital mesothelioma statistics that can help clarify the issue around this rare but still highly impactful disease. We’ll explore mesothelioma causes, prognosis, incidence, survival rates, and much more.
If you’re interested in learning more about this particular kind of cancer, then read on for more stats and facts.
Fortunately, mesothelioma incidence in the country has been decreasing over the past decades. But this doesn’t mean that the risk of developing the disease is completely gone.
In fact, 3,000 new cases of mesothelioma are diagnosed every year in America. Studies also estimated that at least 20 million people could develop the disease.
On average, a patient is first diagnosed with the condition as late as their early 70s. This means that some retirement plans may not go according to schedule, unfortunately, as retirement statistics say so.
There is a range of factors for this, but the latency period of the condition is the main one. This represents the gap in time between someone’s exposure to asbestos and when the cancer is first diagnosed.
Below is another statistic that supports the above finding.
(Pleural Mesothelioma Center)
One of the reasons why mesothelioma deaths per year are relatively higher compared with other cancers is due to how often the illness is found in a late stage.
As we mentioned, mesothelioma has a very long latency period, in part because many people were kept in the dark about the dangers of the condition for decades.
To make matters worse, many of the most characteristic pleural mesothelioma symptoms, such as difficulty in breathing, chest wall pain, and fever, do not occur until the cancer is in its advanced stages.
As a result, over half of patients are diagnosed during the later stages of mesothelioma. In fact, a massive 77% of patients are diagnosed too late to qualify for surgical treatments, which diminishes their chances of surviving the diagnosis.
The mesothelioma mortality rate can differ based on a range of things. For instance, a patient’s age at the time of diagnosis plays a role, as younger people who are diagnosed with the condition tend to live longer.
Moreover, the average survival rate of mesothelioma also differs depending on which type of condition the patient has.
On average, however, the life expectancy of someone diagnosed with mesothelioma is shockingly low, and that the majority of people who get it do not live longer than two years.
As we will see in a moment, the incidence of mesothelioma is mostly influenced by exposure to asbestos, which is often determined by occupation. Men are more likely to work jobs where they are in contact with the material. As a result, men comprise 80% of all cases, as indicated by the SEER Cancer Statistics Review.
The primary reason for this relatively low mesothelioma survival rate is the fact that the disease is usually diagnosed at a late stage when the cancer has already spread to certain parts of the patient’s body.
The 5-year survival rate will be two times higher if the cancer is diagnosed earlier at a localized stage. On the other hand, when the cancer has spread to farther body parts, the patient will only have an 8% 5-year survival rate.
If you will notice, this number of patients dying of mesothelioma annually is almost the same as the number of new cases each year. That said, we can safely assume that almost 100% of the new cases ended in death. Again, this would support further our earlier statistic regarding the low survival rate for this type of disease.
Apart from looking at the chances of getting mesothelioma or the mesothelioma death statistics, it’s also important to consider the costs related to mesothelioma to understand the potential impact of the condition on people.
According to a study on cost-effectiveness, the routine first-line mesothelioma chemotherapy treatment can cost more than $41,000 on average. However, chemotherapy is not the only treatment for cancer, so other treatments must be factored in as well.
For patients with Medicare, for instance, the median cost of a course of radiation therapy is $9,000. Meanwhile, surgery to treat pleural mesothelioma can cost around $40,000.
(Lexis Legal News)
There is no guarantee that a mesothelioma trial claim will go to trial.
However, in cases where that has happened, and a jury has determined the defendant to be guilty, the average settlement is around $2.4 million. When the matter is settled out of court, the average settlement is considerably lower, between $1 million to $1.4 million.
There are different factors that can affect a claim and how much money can be expected from either a settlement or an award, of course. So, not everyone who reaches a settlement during a mesothelioma case should expect the kind of figure mentioned above.
As its name implies, pleural mesothelioma affects the pleura (the tissue surrounding the lungs). It accounts for 70-79% of all cases, and it also has a higher mesothelioma death rate.
By comparison, peritoneal mesothelioma occurs in 10-30% of cases. Its survival rate is higher, however, so the rarer condition could make for a better prognosis.
So, what are the specific rates of survival? Let’s find out below.
As we can see, pleural mesothelioma has a very low survival rate. Moreover, the pleural mesothelioma prognosis is much worse than the peritoneal one.
In terms of the latency period, pleural mesothelioma is between 30 and 60 years. For peritoneal mesothelioma, it is reduced to 20 to 40 years.
As additional information, there is an initial mesothelioma cancer survival rate of 73% for the first year. These mesothelioma survival rates plummet to 23% for 3 years, 12% for 5 years, and 4.7% for 10 years.
Fewer than 2 in 100 cases involve the pericardial and testicular mesothelioma. That said, we’ll be focusing on the other two kinds mentioned in the previous statistic.
For instance, there are only 200 documented cases of pericardial mesothelioma, which is when the cancer affects the walls of the heart.
How long a person who’s diagnosed with mesothelioma lives depends on many factors, one of which is age. But aside from that, research also found gender as an essential factor.
A 2014 study revealed that after treatment, 13.4% of women with mesothelioma survive for five years, while there’s only 4.5% of men. This means that men are not only more likely to develop mesothelioma, but also their survival rate is too slim compared with women diagnosed with the condition.
Now, let’s try to factor in age.
Although women have lower incidence rates and higher rates of survival, they tend to be diagnosed with the condition at an earlier age.
For example, statistics of mesothelioma cases from 2009-2013 show that there were more women diagnosed with mesothelioma between ages 35 and 39 as compared to men in this age bracket.
However, upon reaching the age of 85 and beyond, the incidence for women is highest. On the other hand, men in this category only represent 19.1 cases per 100,000.
Race can also influence mesothelioma rates. Data show that from 2005-2014, the rate for black Americans was at 0.5 new cases per 100,000. This is much lower than that of the white Americans which is at 1 case per 100,000.
In a separate report, black men diagnosed with malignant pleural mesothelioma were found to live longer than white men. This is despite being less likely to undergo aggressive surgery, which is the best treatment for the disease.
Because it’s not easy to figure out who has been exposed to asbestos in their lifetime and when, it can be challenging factoring how many people develop mesothelioma due to that exposure.
Not only that asbestos exposure causes cancer and many other serious illnesses but also is the top cause of deaths related to work in the world. Many scientific studies have confirmed that asbestos exposure can lead to both cancerous and non-cancerous diseases.
Taking a look at asbestos-related diseases statistics, we can see mesothelioma topping the list of cancerous illnesses. Adding to the list are lung cancer, ovarian cancer, and laryngeal cancer.
Meanwhile, non-cancerous conditions include asbestosis, pleuritis, pleural effusions, pleural plaques, diffuse pleural thickening, and atelectasis.
A 2018 study that includes asbestos deaths statistics reported that, somewhere in the world, a person dies of asbestos-related illnesses whenever 20 tons of asbestos are produced and consumed.
Currently, the global consumption of asbestos is over 2 million tons each year. Taking this into consideration, it’s making more sense now why asbestos exposure is the leading cause of work-related deaths in the world.
Since exposure to asbestos is the only known cause of mesothelioma, it’s important to look at the asbestos statistics to understand why we continue to see a consistent incidence rate for mesothelioma.
Now, the U.S. has a long history of using asbestos. Even though researchers had published studies about the health risks of the material as far back as the 1920s, over 803,000 tons of the material was imported into the country as late as 1973.
There’s good news, though:
Asbestos use is nowhere near as common as it used to be. 340 pounds (0.15 ton) of the material were imported in 2016, while over 25.6 million pounds were disposed of in 2015 alone. To cap it off, the last asbestos mine in the U.S. was closed in 2002.
It’s given that workers who are in close contact with asbestos have the highest chances of getting mesothelioma from asbestos exposure. They include the miners, plumbers, insulators, power plant workers, firefighters, construction workers, and the like.
Here’s the bad news.
There is such a thing as secondary exposure to asbestos, and it is the cause for a significant number of mesothelioma cases among women and children.
When family members who have been exposed to asbestos come home, they might have asbestos fibers on their hair, clothes, or other body parts. This exposes their spouses and children to asbestos indirectly.
Secondary asbestos exposure has risks similar to primary exposure. It can also cause mesothelioma, lung cancer, and asbestosis, which, according to asbestosis statistics, has recorded 178 deaths in 2011.
While this figure is only an estimate, it gives us an idea that mesothelioma cancer is experienced globally. For example, the annual combined mesothelioma cases in North America, Australia, Western Europe, were estimated at 10,000.
Many countries have also reported an increase in mesothelioma diagnosis yearly. The highest number of diagnoses were from the countries of the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Malta, the Netherlands, Australia, and Belgium.
In a recent study, the estimated mesothelioma deaths per year were 38,400 per year worldwide. This indicates a decline from the previous estimate. It’s also a good indication that fewer people were dying of mesothelioma disease lately.
Due to the alarming rise in the number of individuals diagnosed with mesothelioma and other asbestos-related diseases across the globe, many countries vowed to ban the toxic mineral. This move has perhaps contributed to the decline in the number of mesothelioma deaths discussed previously.
Despite the banning, many countries still report incidences of mesothelioma due to the extended latency period of the disease. Thus, many countries are pushing for a global asbestos ban.
Despite the fact that asbestos use has diminished dramatically in the U.S. over the past few decades, we will be dealing with the effects of mesothelioma for decades to come.
The stats suggest that we have already reached peak asbestos cancer rates. But there are still workers coming in contact with asbestos today, so it’s uncertain when we will finally be free from it.
As the stats above show, mesothelioma is a rare type of cancer, but an extremely aggressive one. Its danger is only compounded by the fact that it is rarely diagnosed during the early stages. In most cases, people are diagnosed with it when they are no longer able to choose more effective surgical options.
Hopefully, the mesothelioma diagnosis statistics and lifespan stats above highlight the ongoing seriousness of this disease. Even though asbestos is no longer used in the workplace, we all need to be aware of how widespread this type of cancer is and what its symptoms and the mesothelioma survival rates are.
Data from the CDC has shown that mesothelioma is present in rates of 0.58 to 1.65 per 100,000 people. The states at the higher end of those rates include Alaska, New Jersey, Washington, Maine, and West Virginia, each in the upper tenth percentile. Looking at the mesothelioma statistics by state, this is most likely due to the more massive presence of factories and plants that involved heavy use of asbestos.
In the U.S. alone, 3000 people are diagnosed with the disease each year. Although the use of asbestos has diminished massively since its link to this form of cancer was discovered, this number is expected to hold steady for some years yet.
The number of mesothelioma cases per year is, in part, related to the time it takes for it to be diagnosed after exposure to asbestos. It must also take into account that there are likely those who die from the disease without a diagnosis.
The short answer is – no.
The Mesothelioma Center asserts that 2% to 10% of all people who have been exposed to asbestos for prolonged periods of time will develop pleural mesothelioma. People across different demographics are affected differently since they are more likely to be in contact with asbestos.
Given the fatal danger associated with the disease, many people are interested in learning what the mesothelioma survival rate is. However, the truth is that it varies depending on what type you have.
There are four types of mesothelioma. Peritoneal mesothelioma is when the cancer affects the lining of the abdomen, and it offers the best survival rates. 92% of people diagnosed live for 1 year, 74% for 3 years, 52% for 5 years, and 39% for 10 years.
Yes! Thanks to advancements in technology, many patients who developed mesothelioma cancer have not only survived the disease but also outlived their initial prognosis miraculously. Treatments available are now modernized and have lengthened the average life expectancy.
In the past, patients diagnosed with mesothelioma were expected to live for less than a year. Today, more and more patients are living past their life expectancy. This is undoubtedly one of the good things we can see when checking mesothelioma statistics and trends.